- Ovulation Induction
- Artificial or Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
- In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
- Microinjection or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
- Freezing of Sperm, Eggs and Embryos
- Frozen Embryo Transfer
- Treatments for Female Same-sex Couples and Single Women
- Reciprocal IVF (ROPA Method) for Female Same-sex couples
- Specialised treatments for more difficult cases
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
Microinjection revolutionised the treatment of infertility due to male causes. ICSI consists of introducing a sperm in each mature egg to allow its fertilisation. It is used in cases of low quality or quantity of sperm (few sperm, with low motility and/or morphology changes).
ICSI is also used in couples whose prior IVF treatments had failed fertilisation.
The treatment protocol is similar to IVF concerning the ovarian stimulation, egg collection and posterior embryonic division.
Even in situations with no sperm in the ejaculate, it might be possible to obtain them through a testicular biopsy (TESA), which can then be used in ICSI to fertilise the eggs.
ICSI’s success rate is similar to the IVF one.