- Ovulation Induction
- Artificial or Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
- In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
- Microinjection or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
- Freezing of Sperm, Eggs and Embryos
- Frozen Embryo Transfer
- Treatments for Female Same-sex Couples and Single Women
- Reciprocal IVF (ROPA Method) for Female Same-sex couples
- Specialised treatments for more difficult cases
Artificial or Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
The Intrauterine Insemination is indicated for couples trying to get pregnant for less than 2 years and have no serious changes in the semen analysis. The Fallopian Tubes mustn’t be obstructed.
In the Artificial Insemination it is usually performed a light ovarian stimulation in order to increase the ovaries potential response. This shall be monitored with vaginal ultrasound scan. By the time of ovulation, the male’s semen sample is treated in the laboratory, in order to obtain the best sperm. Afterwards, they shall be placed at the bottom of the uterine cavity, by means of a catheter.
In case of absence of sperm or genetic changes, anonymous donor sperm may be used (AID – Artificial Insemination with Donor Sperm).
Artificial Insemination is a simple method with success rates around 15 to 20% for each attempt. Therefore, it is reasonable to perform 3 to 4 inseminations at most, after which the success rate decreases, being advisable an In Vitro Fertilisation.